The shoulder is a unique and complex joint. Bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles all work together to provide the greatest range of motion of any joint in the body. Because the joint is so complex, there are a number of conditions that may result in shoulder instability.
Shoulder instability can be caused by an injury, such as a direct impact from a fall or sports such as football and hockey; overuse of a muscle, tendon or ligament; arthritis or degenerative joint disease, and other conditions, including:
One of Lancaster Orthopedic Group’s shoulder specialists will diagnose shoulder instability primarily through a medical history and physical exam. He or she will ask about your pain, about past shoulder injuries, and about how your symptoms are affecting your regular activities. You may also need an X-ray or arthroscopy to give the physician a better look at the muscles and ligaments of the shoulder.
Once the cause of the shoulder instability has been determined, there are a variety of treatment options, from conservative treatment to surgery.